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What does a Computer Consultant do?

Those working as a computer consultant work with IT departments in government, schools, businesses and organizations to help them choose and implement the right computer network system. Consultants also help ensure that it continues to run smoothly. Computer consultants work to provide software and hardware solutions, along with helping the client choose and utilize the right tools for their specific needs.

computer consultant

People who have a natural affinity for computers, organization and problem solving skills do well in this field. Those that enjoy being a team leader also do well. An advanced degree is often required to be a computer consultant, so enjoying education is a plus. Computer consultants often spend a lot of time in continuing education, as the field experiences rapid growth and evolution.

There isn’t a specific degree for becoming a computer consultant, however there are certification programs. Those seeking a career in this field often obtain a bachelor’s degree in Information Technology and/or Business Management as a first step. Degrees in Information Design, Network Security, Data Based Technology, and Software Programming are also good choices when pursuing a career as a computer consultant. While not required, a professional consulting certification gives candidates an edge. A Certified Management Consultant certificate is awarded for specific product or technology training. Most computer consultants obtain advanced degrees, specialized certification and continuing education.

Most consultants don’t jump in as a consultant, but are recruited after years of related work experience. There are some companies that offer entry level positions with on the job training, but if you only have at least a bachelor’s degree. Many computer consultants use their experience and education to open their own firm, allowing flexibility in choosing assignments. Working as an independent contractor has a lot of advantages, and allows you to selectively choose the work you love. Computer consultants are needed in practically every industry.

computer designer

What does a Computer Designer do?

A computer designer is someone who works with graphics and design via computer programs for drafting, computer aided design (CAD) or other drawing and design software products. They create a variety of multi-media products for clients such as technical drawings, blueprints, layout and design of publications, etc.

computer designer

Computer Designer Skills

A computer designer uses a mix of images, text and drawings to communicate and provide products and services that help their clients to produce ads, movies, billboards, or even to design huge skyscrapers or military hardware and machines.

Computer designers must use their artistic abilities to translate the needs of their clients into images that reflect the products they produce. For instance, sometimes the work of a designer is very complicated and requires them to understand not only graphic arts, but also aspects of engineering and mathematics. A computer designer must be able to visualize in their minds the completed project and then use their skills to translate that into reality in their designs.

Educational Requirements

A computer designer typically needs to have a bachelor’s degree, but some types of entry-level computer designer jobs will hire those with an associate’s degree if they have a good portfolio of previous work. A designer must be able to understand and work with a selection of design elements to create products like brochures, blueprints, magazine layout and designs, and website designs. It depends on the computer designer’s chosen niche as to which skills to focus on. For instance, if they do the designs for a publication, they must be able to work with images, text, and graphics and determine how to place these alongside the writer’s text articles.

Job Outlook

Around 24 percent of computer designers are self-employed and work as contractors. The number of computer designer jobs is expected to grow about seven percent between now and 2022, according to the Bureau of Labor. This is dependent upon the niche chosen by a computer designer, as employment in graphic design work like books and periodicals is expected decrease, while jobs in the field of computer design for websites, Internet devices, and electronic media is poised to grow.

What does a Computer Programmer do?

Computer Programming as a Career

Computer programming has come a long way since the days of binary basic code. There are many computer languages, and all require a different skill set. They all have one thing in common, a need for a masterful set of math skills and a creative mind. An eye for detail is also important, as coding requires very specific syntax.

computer programmer

There are a variety of coding languages. Programmers often develop on Linux, it is considered a programmer’s platform. Two important programming languages include C++ and Python. Both languages execute very specific tasks unique to their coding.

As with many industries, companies are sending jobs overseas and computer programming is no exception. The industry is expected to experience a 3% decrease in job availability according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

The Computer Programmer’s Lifestyle

Some employers stress production and push their programmers to produce more, faster and with a 100% accuracy rate. You may need to put in long hours, including nights and weekends while on salary, meaning no overtime pay. Some do thrive on this type of stress. A post graduate degree affords the programmer more flexibility. These computer programmers may write their own ticket for very specialized skills. Finding the right working conditions as a programmer may take several tries. Some experienced computer programmers even end up working primarily from home.

Computer Programmer Common Qualities

The ideal computer programmer qualities include these traits: patience, logic, superior math skills, an almost obsessive attention to detail, patience, a creative knack for design elements and style, and an ability to be precise. Coding can sometimes be monotonous as you comb through thousands of lines, trying to find the one element that is incorrect while debugging. Being able to stay focused and not get distracted is important. Writing code with the anticipation of future changes is a tremendous asset.

Educational Requirements

Degree requirements are generally a bachelors or masters degree in computer science or a related field with programming skills. Significant course topics typically include:

  • Introduction to Commands
  • Defining Commands
  • Iteration
  • Animation
  • Procedure Inputs
  • Pixel Graphics
  • Defining Operators
  • Hierarchy