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What does a Biomedical Engineer do?

Biomedical Engineers are vitally important to advancing medical technology. Many Biomedical Engineers are involved in ground breaking research and medical testing. Biomedical Engineers may work in research and development designing new medication delivery methods, they may design new prosthetics, engineer and conduct experiments with diagnostic testing devices and are often involved in the creation and testing of surgical equipment. Some Biomedical Engineers work to install or repair medical equipment and others may work in more theoretical fields which require computer drafting and 3-D designing skills.

biomedical engineer

New technologies involving stem cells and lab created organs and tissues often are created and cultured under the watchful eye of a Biomedical Engineer. These positions are on the forefront of new medical technologies and offer significant opportunity to be involved in important advances in medicine.

Biomedicine remains a generally small field with little competition within medicine, however many specialized skills are necessary to succeed as a Biomedical Engineer. The ability to work long periods on a single project with intensive focus is a benefit, as Biomedical Engineers often must succeed through much trial and error. Intensive knowledge of chemistry, physics and anatomy is necessary to understand how medical equipment will function on a day to day basis. People skills are also beneficial, as Biomedical Engineers may be tasked to train others on the equipment they create.

Education requirements for Biomedical Engineers are high, with most of the scientists at the forefront of their fields obtaining a Ph.D. Entry level positions are available for individuals with a Bachelors Degree, though specialized training is often necessary and hands on experience is valued. A highly varied curriculum with advanced education in chemistry, engineering, mathematics, and anatomy is required and many students find their university years challenging. Often students take on substantial student loan debt to earn a degree in this field. However, students who perform well in school can command high salaries and significant perks after graduation, as this field has grown in demand in recent years.

What does a Computer Scientist do?

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics defines a computer scientist as “a research scientist who invents and designs innovative approaches to computer and computational technology while finding original uses for existing technology.” In addition, computer scientists also examine and unravel answers to complex problems involving computational algorithms and equations for science, medicine, business and other relevant industries.

computer scientist

Computer scientists excel in developing algorithms rather than programs. Although they are proficient in writing and deciphering programming languages, computer scientists focus more on the theoretical aspects of computer systems in contrast to what computer engineers study, i.e. computer hardware operations. Specific areas of research pursued by computer scientists include data structure development, database theory, numerical analysis, computer vision and programming language theory.

Computer scientists work in numerous fields where computer algorithms and software programs are necessary to facilitate daily operations. The goal of computer scientists employed in fields as diverse as robotics, shale mining, bioinformatics or government security is to create and validate mathematical models for determining computer-based system properties involving processors, human-computer interaction, computer-computer interaction and finding ways to improve the performance of any computer system.

Education Requirements for Computer Scientists

The minimum degree requirement for a computer scientist is a Bachelor of Science, although most pursue higher degrees such as Master’s and Ph.Ds. Obtaining a four year, B.S. in computer science takes four years, while earning an M.S. takes six to seven years. Computer science doctorate degrees may require students devote another two or three years of research and work experience following completion of their master’s degree before obtaining a Ph.D.

Computer scientists typically excel at mathematics, abstract thinking and have exceptional problem-solving skills. Math courses comprising a computer science degree program include trigonometry, linear algebra, differential equations, abstract algebra, numerical methods, graph theory and combinatorics. Additional elective classes involve computation structures, programming methodology, principles of quantitative analysis, dynamics of nonlinear systems and programming compilers and languages. Depending on whether a student wants to work as a computer science professional or remain in academia and teach computer science at a university will influence the direction of course electives the student chooses to take.

What does a Counseling Psychologist do?

A counseling psychologist supports and aids those in working through their every day struggles, at home and in the workplace. They “foster well-being by promoting good mental health and preventing mental, physical, and social disorders… in settings such as university or crisis counseling centers, hospitals, rehabilitation centers, and individual or group practices,” according to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics.

counseling psychologist

Counseling psychologists develop specialized techniques to aid their patients in a variety of ways. To support their patients, counseling psychologists offer psychotherapy, diagnose and treat mental disorders, and help their patients cope with their emotional problems. Either in a research setting, in a hospital, school, private practice, or in a family services setting, these professionals help people work through mental health issues and every day problems.

Educational requirements for counseling psychologists

A variety of psychology degree programs are offered at a multitude of universities and colleges in the United States. Once enrolled in a psychology program, you take a variety of classes with a focus on behavioral neuroscience, clinical psychology, counseling, brain behavior, cognition, developmental and behavioral psychologies, and forensic and organizational psychologies, according to Yale University’s Psychology Department.

As you progress in your degree program, you learn how to treat patients suffering from a variety of issues and help those struggling with everyday life issues. While you can work as a counseling psychologist with simply a Master’s degree, obtaining a Ph. D. in Psychology affords you more opportunities for career advancement.

To work in a school setting, most states require you to have a specialist degree in addition to a Ph.D., although some states allow you to work with a Master’s degree alone. To conduct research, a doctoral degree is usually required to work in an organizational or industrial psychology setting, although you can qualify for psychological assistant positions with a Master’s degree.

Job prospects for counseling psychologists

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of psychologists is expected to grow 12 percent because of increased demand for psychological services in schools, hospitals, social service agencies, mental health centers, substance abuse treatment clinics, consulting firms, and private companies. Once you obtain a psychology degree, there are a variety of jobs you can obtain.

Counseling psychologists have the option of working in a variety of jobs, including school psychologist, rehabilitation counselors, or as industrial-organizational psychologists. Counseling psychologists in California, New York, Texas, Pennsylvania, and Illinois have the highest annual mean wage. In the New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago metropolitan areas, clinical psychologists have the highest annual mean wages.

Becoming a counseling psychologist offers you many opportunities for success in the field while helping others lead happier and healthier lives.