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What does a Biomedical Scientist do?

A biomedical scientist works in the health care industry and plays an essential role in helping physicians diagnose illnesses. By evaluating tissue and fluid samples, they are able to offer a diagnosis and a course of action for someone who has suffered from a health related incident, such as a heart attack. They carry out blood transfusions and are active in the area of medical research and study. A biomedical scientist works with physicians to guarantee that the best care possible is provided to patients.

biomedical scientist

Biomedical scientists work in three area of science: infection science, blood science and cellular science.

Infection science

Infection science addresses the identification of micro-organisms that are responsible for disease. A biomedical scientist working in infection science will create antibiotic treatments and monitor the effectiveness of vaccines against viruses.

Blood science

Among other things, blood sciences include the evaluation of fluid samples to identify risks and diseases and the determining of donor/recipient compatibility. This area of discipline seeks to understand diseases related to blood, as well as the role of the immune system in battling disease.

Cellular science

Cellular science deals with the evaluation of acquired cell samples. A biomedical scientist in this area of discipline will study diseases tissue samples, evaluate tissues obtained through tests such as PAP smears and analyze tissue samples to pinpoint fertility issues.

How Can I Become a Biomedical Scientist?

In order to do clinical work, a doctoral degree in biological sciences or a medical degree is generally required. In addition to this, post-doctoral research may be a prerequisite for working in your desired field. A prospective biomedical scientist with a bachelor’s degree can register for a doctoral program in a specific field, or enroll in a joint medical-doctoral program. This will enable them to become a practicing physician with the necessary research skills to become a scientist.

Biomedical scientists are an intricate part of the health care industry. By working closely with physicians to diagnose sicknesses and abnormalities, they are able to help guarantee the best health care to patients.

What does a Counseling Psychologist do?

A counseling psychologist supports and aids those in working through their every day struggles, at home and in the workplace. They “foster well-being by promoting good mental health and preventing mental, physical, and social disorders… in settings such as university or crisis counseling centers, hospitals, rehabilitation centers, and individual or group practices,” according to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics.

counseling psychologist

Counseling psychologists develop specialized techniques to aid their patients in a variety of ways. To support their patients, counseling psychologists offer psychotherapy, diagnose and treat mental disorders, and help their patients cope with their emotional problems. Either in a research setting, in a hospital, school, private practice, or in a family services setting, these professionals help people work through mental health issues and every day problems.

Educational requirements for counseling psychologists

A variety of psychology degree programs are offered at a multitude of universities and colleges in the United States. Once enrolled in a psychology program, you take a variety of classes with a focus on behavioral neuroscience, clinical psychology, counseling, brain behavior, cognition, developmental and behavioral psychologies, and forensic and organizational psychologies, according to Yale University’s Psychology Department.

As you progress in your degree program, you learn how to treat patients suffering from a variety of issues and help those struggling with everyday life issues. While you can work as a counseling psychologist with simply a Master’s degree, obtaining a Ph. D. in Psychology affords you more opportunities for career advancement.

To work in a school setting, most states require you to have a specialist degree in addition to a Ph.D., although some states allow you to work with a Master’s degree alone. To conduct research, a doctoral degree is usually required to work in an organizational or industrial psychology setting, although you can qualify for psychological assistant positions with a Master’s degree.

Job prospects for counseling psychologists

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of psychologists is expected to grow 12 percent because of increased demand for psychological services in schools, hospitals, social service agencies, mental health centers, substance abuse treatment clinics, consulting firms, and private companies. Once you obtain a psychology degree, there are a variety of jobs you can obtain.

Counseling psychologists have the option of working in a variety of jobs, including school psychologist, rehabilitation counselors, or as industrial-organizational psychologists. Counseling psychologists in California, New York, Texas, Pennsylvania, and Illinois have the highest annual mean wage. In the New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago metropolitan areas, clinical psychologists have the highest annual mean wages.

Becoming a counseling psychologist offers you many opportunities for success in the field while helping others lead happier and healthier lives.

What does an Endocrinologist do?

Hormones are chemicals that the body produces, which control all the body’s most basic and important functions, from growth to digestion and reproduction. Hormones are secreted by a system of glands, called the endocrine system, and it’s this system that endocrinologists specialize in treating.


As specialized physicians, endocrinologists diagnose and treat patients with such conditions as diabetes, thyroid diseases, hypertension, infertility, osteoporosis, menopause or glandular cancers. They may work in hospitals, outpatient centers or research facilities. And as specialists, considerable training and licensure is required to work as an endocrinologist.

Becoming an endocrinologist

The first step toward becoming an endocrinologist is a four-year bachelor’s degree. Following that, you’ll need a graduate degree from medical school, followed by a three- or four-year residency in internal medicine, gynecology or pediatrics. Then, a two- or three-year fellowship in adult, pediatric or reproductive endocrinology leads you to working in this specialization. And, of course, successfully completing licensure exams for your state is a must in order to practice, and some states may limit reciprocity, meaning that you may need to take another exam if you relocate.

Obviously, a serious commitment of time and resources (emotional, physical and financial) is essential, as are determination, a passion for endocrinology and caring for patients, as well as an ability to work well under extreme pressure.

Our changing world needs endocrinologists

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 7.8 percent of the U.S. population suffered from diabetes, with 5.7 million of those being undiagnosed cases. And it’s the leading cause of blindness, kidney disease and nontraumatic amputations. In recent years, cases of Type 2 diabetes alone have skyrocketed, thanks mostly to increasing obesity.

Such unfortunate trends contribute to a growing demand for endocrinologists. Along with this, hypertension, a primary factor in heart diseases, and infertility, which occurs in 1 in 10 couples, are also the domain of endocrinologists.

So, while health care in general is seeing employment growth–projected growth among physician jobs is a rapid 22 percent–endocrinologists may see more rapid growth with the proliferation of these and other endocrine-related diseases and advances in their treatment.

While the Bureau of Labor Statistics doesn’t specifically track salaries for these specialists, this high-demand, high-stress occupation can be highly lucrative. And, of course, the ability to help patients with these and other endocrine diseases and disorders can be incredibly rewarding emotionally as well.